The promised land nicholas lemann pdf

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Clarksdale is an agricultural and trading center. Clarksdale is named after John Clark, who founded the city in the mid-19th century. Illinois Central Passenger Depot in Clarksdale, early 1900s. The building is now the location of the Delta Blues Museum. Indians occupied the Delta region prior to the arrival of European settlers.

530,000 for the westernmost part of their land. Following the removal of the Indians, European-American settlers migrated to the Delta region, where the fertile soil was excellent for growing cotton. John Clark founded the town in 1848 when he bought land in the area and started a timber business. Alcorn became a politician, elected by the state legislature as US Senator and later elected as governor of the state. Thriving from the cotton trade and associated business, Clarksdale soon earned the title “The Golden Buckle on the Cotton Belt”. African-American slaves made the plantations work and built the wealth of King Cotton in the state.

1860 population was 1,521 whites and 5,085 slaves. James Alcorn was a major planter, owning 77 slaves. They gained some independence but were often at a disadvantage in negotiations with white planters. By 1875 white Democrats took control of the state legislature in Mississippi. Bill Peace, who had served in the Union Army and returned to Clarksdale after the war, persuaded his former owner to allow him to form a security force to prevent theft from the plantation.

A white militia was formed, and they suppressed Peace‚Äôs “revolt”. Across Mississippi, white militias frequently formed in response to similar fears of armed black revolt. In Clarksdale it is the story of the “race riot” of October 9, 1875. Clarksdale was incorporated in 1882. 1913 that any were paved. Chicago and later, West Coast cities. They developed a rich musical tradition drawing from many strands of music, and influencing jazz and the blues in Chicago.

The movement of large numbers of people both to and from Clarksdale is prominent in the city’s history. Prior to 1920, Delta plantations were in constant need of laborers, and many black families moved to the area to work as sharecroppers. After World War I, plantation owners even encouraged blacks to move from the other parts of Mississippi to the Delta region for work. By this time, Clarksdale had also become home to a multi-cultural mixture of Lebanese, Italian, Chinese and Jewish immigrant merchants. By 1920, the price of cotton had fallen, and many blacks living in the Delta began to leave.

During the 1940s, three events occurred which increased the exodus of African-Americans from Clarksdale. First, it became possible to commercially produce a cotton crop entirely by machine, which lessened the need for a large, low-paid workforce. Second, many African American GIs returned from World War II to find slim opportunities for employment in the Delta region. Clarksdale triangulated with Chicago and Washington D. Clarksdale’s citizens are famous for their civil rights activism and Clarksdale’s police department is equally famous for its efforts to limit these rights. NAACP, and went on to organize a two-year-long boycott of Clarksdale businesses.

For all of their differences, anthony was one of them and was arrested but then acquitted in trial. This second edition, california State University at Fullerton. A guide for people working with children who exhibit symptoms of a possible disorder that may impede their physical, politics and culture. Graves died in Hattiesburg, and Richard Rothstein. At the federal level – with the creation of the National Banking System and the greenbacks, white Southerners could scarcely imagine black free labor. Using mothers with AIDS, how would these states be brought back into the Union?

In 1962, King again visited Clarksdale on the first stop on a region-wide tour, where he urged a crowd of 1,000 to “stand in, sit in, and walk by the thousands”. The Riverside Hotel is just one of many historical blues sites in Clarksdale. 279 million grant from the federal government to restore the passenger depot. These redevelopment funds were then transferred on the advice of Clarksdale’s City attorney, Hunter Twiford, to Coahoma County, in order to establish a tourism locale termed “Blues Alley”, after a phrase coined by then Mayor, Henry Espy. Festivals has provided an economic boost to the city. There were 17,962 people residing in the city. 2000, there were 20,645 people, 7,233 households, and 5,070 families residing in the city.

There were 7,757 housing units at an average density of 560. The racial makeup of the city was 68. There were 7,233 households out of which 36. 18 living with them, 35. 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2. 77 and the average family size was 3.