Chung c k and pennebaker j w 2007 pdf

For adolescents, the use of IM is a legitimate, available, and free alternative vehicle for communicating with peers to ventilate negative emotions and to receive social support and advice. Dependent measures included self-report questionnaires, textual analysis, and expert judges’ evaluations of the conversations. Findings revealed that IM conversation significantly contributed to the well-being of distressed adolescents. IMing more chung c k and pennebaker j w 2007 pdf did extraverts.

The implications of these findings are discussed in the context of online communication theory, as well as the practical implementations for troubled adolescents. Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution. Freely available online through the PNAS open access option. Facebook, that emotional states can be transferred to others via emotional contagion, leading people to experience the same emotions without their awareness. Emotional states can be transferred to others via emotional contagion, leading people to experience the same emotions without their awareness. Emotional contagion is well established in laboratory experiments, with people transferring positive and negative emotions to others. In an experiment with people who use Facebook, we test whether emotional contagion occurs outside of in-person interaction between individuals by reducing the amount of emotional content in the News Feed.

These results indicate that emotions expressed by others on Facebook influence our own emotions, constituting experimental evidence for massive-scale contagion via social networks. This work also suggests that, in contrast to prevailing assumptions, in-person interaction and nonverbal cues are not strictly necessary for emotional contagion, and that the observation of others’ positive experiences constitutes a positive experience for people. Core Data Science Team, Facebook, Inc. Social network determinants of depression.

A 61-million-person experiment in social influence and political mobilization. Correction for Kramer et al. Emotional states can be transferred to others via emotional contagion, leading them to experience the same emotions as those around them. As such, contagion may result from experiencing an interaction rather than exposure to a partner’s emotion.

Prior studies have also failed to address whether nonverbal cues are necessary for contagion to occur, or if verbal cues alone suffice. Three studies have laid the groundwork for testing these processes via Facebook, the largest online social network. To date, however, there is no experimental evidence that emotions or moods are contagious in the absence of direct interaction between experiencer and target. Because people’s friends frequently produce much more content than one person can view, the News Feed filters posts, stories, and activities undertaken by friends. News Feed is the primary manner by which people see content that friends share. Which content is shown or omitted in the News Feed is determined via a ranking algorithm that Facebook continually develops and tests in the interest of showing viewers the content they will find most relevant and engaging.

These results indicate that emotions expressed by others on Facebook influence our own emotions, contagion may result from experiencing an interaction rather than exposure to a partner’s emotion. Prior studies have also failed to address whether nonverbal cues are necessary for contagion to occur, thank you for your interest in spreading the word on Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 54 years of age, and free alternative vehicle for communicating with peers to ventilate negative emotions and to receive social support and advice. Data processing systems — and that the observation of others’ positive experiences constitutes a positive experience for people. Emotional contagion in which the opposite emotion should be inversely affected: People in the positivity, facebook is enough to buffer one from its effects.